Local Wisdom of Minangkabau Custom Towards The Sustainability of Wet Tropical Forest in Harau, Limapuluh Kota Regency, West Sumatera Province

Pasca Zenitho Nuari, Yusmar Yusuf, Zulfan Saam, Dessy Yoswati

Abstract


This research aims to evaluate local wisdom of Minangkabau custom values towards interaction of society with environment and sustainable wet tropical forest in Harau. This research used qualitative research method. The research used descriptive data such as speech, writing, and behavior of society. Data about local wisdom values was collected with questionnaire from community of society. Community of society consisted of 35 persons: 1 person top leader, 4 persons leader of custom and 30 persons of native Minangkabau who live around wet tropical forest. Analysis of data used domain semantic to observe knowledge and interaction of local wisdom of society towards sustainable wet tropical forest. Domain semantic analysis is used to give description about research situation. Based on research, local wisdom of Minangkabau custom was not used by all society to interact with environment of wet tropical forest such as planted gambier (Uricaria gambier), took harvest of vegetable and flowers until causing damaged about 10% (27 hectares) wet tropical forest in Harau. Configuration of local Minangkabau indigenous wisdom values (petatah petitih, pantun, talibun, pituah, tambo, and gurindam) and local wisdom to manage forests, soil and water can prevent damage of Harau wet tropical forest. This can be known from the high-level plants that still cover the soil above and on the hillside of the land (90%) that are not open. They can prevent the erosion and maintain the circulation of hydrology (not flooding in the rainy season and not dry in the dry season).


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